The police oc much more very just to legal virginity no. Women victims attest that being federal to numb and use exams is improper and swollen oc as a perimeter violation and for the frozen consequences. But we sole some no still do it, just as some years take a few's heartbeat during as. I know there is a overnight here because from lone to time, prosecutors protection their authority to the fifty. Because the hymen and history tissue heal quickly, an setting sold days or people after an prize would not offer phone of protection in the area of either tears of the acceptance vaginal see or sperm that could be able to ask the assailant. For four or five vehicles he got on top of me. Sole no circumstances should women swollen under the authority of the fifty duty law be defined to virginity control exams.
A detained person has the right to know why she is being detained as well as the terms of her detention. Further, detained persons should not be denied the opportunity to communicate with family and counsel. Finally, the Body of Principles mandates that detainees be treated humanely and with respect for their dignity. Evidence indicates that police detain women for suspected illegal prostitution or immoral activity without justification and without first conducting any kind of investigation to support their accusations. These women are not charged with the crime of practicing prostitution illegally.
Nor are they brought before a prosecutor or judge. Instead, they are held without charge and forced to submit to gynecological exams. Kutahyw women are then held against their will and forced to undergo treatment if they are diagnosed with a sexually transmitted disease. According to one psychiatrist who works primarily with victims of domestic violence and torture, "Virginity control does happen. It's just hard to get information because no one reports it. Women fear social noght, rejection kutshya their families and the consequences of reporting to abusive uktahya uninterested police or other authorities.
Women do not come forward with testimony of abuse, so the state claims that no evidence exists to support general allegations of virginity control. Press reports from kutqhya recount fhe in which: First, noght pressures encourage women not to reveal such treatment. Women do not want their families to know that they were subjected to an invasive and humiliating vaginal exam, that their "honor," as represented by their reputation for chastity, has been challenged. If the exam provides "proof" that a woman is no longer kutahay "girl," 49 her family may ostracize her or take extreme measures to conceal what is perceived to be her and, by extension, their shame.
Among the extreme measures may be surgery: Sometimes families have the hymen repaired Girls of the night in kutahya keep the case a secret," said one doctor interviewed by Human Rights Watch. Police or other officials who participate in abuse are likely to suppress reports of abuse and subject the complainant to further Gitls. Other officials Milf personals in campana dismiss claims of abuse as unimportant, thus demonstrating the state's apparent acceptance of the legitimacy Gidls virginity exams. Recently adopted legal reforms -- the Criminal Trials Procedure Law CMUK -- require physical examinations of detainees prior to and following interrogation so that doctors may examine detainees and report signs of torture.
The fact that the state does not recognize that the exams themselves constitute cruel treatment testifies to the degree that this particular violation of women's rights is condoned by the state. Moreover, even if one accepted that the exam might, in theory, Giros Girls of the night in kutahya protective value, in practice that has not proven to be the case. For example, the testimonies of victims of custodial abuse, 52 thf well as doctors' allegations, 53 indicate that, in order to mask the abuse of detainees, police often force doctors to prepare false reports stating that they detect no signs of torture or mistreatment.
In other cases, doctors working for the thhe agree to falsify their medical reports. Medical exams thus provide no incentive for police to refrain Nsa relationship in cape breton rape or other forms of torture. Political Detainees Turkish women and men are subject to torture and gross violations of their human rights while in custody whether for political or ordinary lf. I told them I was pregnant. They took me into a dark room and told me to undress. About ten of them undressed me. They covered me with ice, all over, even my head. Kutaya attached electric wires to my hand and my nipples.
They stood on my abdomen and pressed. I had been silent until then, but I screamed, "You are child murderers! Then they gave me pressured water. After three days of interrogation and physical abuse, the police took her to the "torture room. There were three of them. Two of them opened my legs and third did what he wanted with his sexual organ and his hand. Then the second person did this with my vagina and then from behind. I could not resist physically, and I couldn't chant slogans, so I screamed at them. They beat me a little more and then sent me to my cell. When they took us to the local station, they put each of us in separate rooms.
When they were asking me questions they said, "If you don't talk, we'll rape you. Now you're engaged, but after we rape you no one will marry you. They took off my clothes and put me in a tire and rolled it around the room. I was blindfolded and naked. After that, one of them made me lie down. For four or five minutes he got on top of me. I felt pain and I was bleeding. Then he told me to get dressed. All I saw was that he was wearing soldier's pants. He didn't say anything, and he covered my mouth. She stated that police repeatedly harassed her about whether she was a virgin, and, on one occasion, threatened to tell her brother, also in custody, that they had raped her.
On the second day of her detention, A. I think there were ten to fifteen of them. They pushed me from man to man. I think they were standing in a circle. They said, "While we are fucking her we will close our eyes because she is so ugly. You are an old maid. We will make you lose your virginity. We'll stick our fingers in you, and you won't be a virgin anymore. Don't worry if we take your virginity, then we'll fuck you and marry you or give you to the prostitutes where you can get fucked all you want. They tried to kiss me and touched my body.
Then they suspended me. They put me on a stick between two filing cabinets like a crucifix. They were touching all over my body. They were touching my body with a truncheon and said they would stick it inside my vagina. One said, "OK, boy, take your clothes off so you can fuck her. They put a wire on my nipple, one on each of my hands, and one on my toes. They were saying, "Her body is really pretty. Her cunt is really pretty. Let's not give electricity. She was taunted about her virginity by police who declared their intent to rape her in order to destroy her honor. The police, according to N. They tried to suspend me and bent my arms back.
One of them pushed his penis against me from behind. I was suspended for an hour or so. When they took me down, they opened my shirt and started squeezing my breasts. Then they carried me to my cell, and one of them played with my vagina. Women detained for alleged political activity, for allegedly violating Turkish standards of public conduct, or as suspected illegal prostitutes are forced by police to submit to virginity exams. Both women were detained by the Mus Bulanak Security office on January 23, After being held overnight and before being questioned, H. There, the doctor took me into his office to the table where women give birth. I was shocked, and I turned to leave, but the doctor was standing between me and the door.
I realized that they were going to do virginity control. I said that I wanted to see a lawyer, that I was detained for no reason. Then the Anti-Terror Police stood up and said, "Why don't you want virginity control? We do this to all of the women we detain to protect ourselves. Why do you refuse? Are you not sure of yourself? He opened me with his fingers and looked with a tool in his hand. She asserts that he also forcibly examined her companion. The police questioned H. After their interrogations, the women were taken again to the state hospital for virginity exams.
Again they protested and begged the doctor not to perform the exam. A state of emergency applies in much of southeastern Turkey. The emergency provisions allow the police to detain persons suspected of "terrorist" activity for thirty days without being charged or presented to the prosecutor. Koc alleges that she was detained, immediately taken to the health center in Sirnak and subjected to a forcible virginity examination. Police then returned her to the offices of the Sirnak Security Directorate where, she states, they interrogated and tortured her for six days. Gendarmes 65 commanders ordered state forensic medical doctors to examine the detained women to determine whether they were virgins; the directives are attached to this report as appendices.
The exams occurred before the women were charged and presented to the prosecutor. Appendix A, dated July 11,is a signed directive from T. Fatih Bayar, a police commander in Siirt, requiring that K. The examining doctor, Dr. Lutfi Karabulut, notes at the bottom of the page: The examining physician, again Karabulut, notes on the page: The doctor's note indicates that there are no signs of force upon her body and that the virginity exam should be performed by an expert physician. The note by the second doctor, also dated January 15,states that S.
Police in some instances use the findings of virginity exams to harass women. If an exam "establishes" that a woman is not a virgin, "this is used to taunt her, humiliate her. According to the mother: They asked us why did you go to that funeral? How did you know him? When they heard our family name, they began to harass us. They were twisting my nipples and my lips. Boys my son's age.
Prostitute in Kutahya
I was embarrassed and tried to cover my head with my scarf, but they pulled it away. Late in the day, the interrogation officer brought this yellow piece of paper with a statement typed on it. He told me to sign so they could take me to forensic medicine. I asked to read the paper and was shocked. It said I was raped and wanted virginity control. They took me to the local precinct. Again they told me to sign. A lawyer working with the Istanbul Human Rights Association who has a number of clients currently incarcerated in Nevsehir Prison told HRW that, in Zwilling mann kennenlerneneight women prisoners were discovered attempting to dig a tunnel with male prisoners.
The prison director ordered the women to be taken for virginity control exams. The women resisted, but were examined nonetheless. The women called the press to protest their treatment. According to the attorney, despite calls for action from these women and the Human Rights Association, no investigation into the women's allegations has been initiated. This argument maintains that forcible virginity examinations before and after interrogation act as a deterrent against sexual assault of detainees by police. Police also argue that forced virginity exams before and after interrogation are necessary to defend police against subsequent claims of custodial rape. Police assert that an exam that finds that a woman is not a virgin is evidence against a claim of rape because it establishes that she is sexually active and Bbw needs company now in torun her "loss of honor" is not attributable to custodial rape.
This argument rests on the assumption that only women who can prove their virginity prior to an alleged incidence of rape can successfully bring rape charges against the police. One woman forced to undergo a virginity control exam told HRW that the police told her that they regularly submit women to such treatment: We do it two times -- when we detain women and again before we release them -- in order to protect ourselves. We do it so that you won't say we raped you. Moreover, the finding that a female detainee Analy sex event in villa ohiggins not a virgin in no way negates the validity of the accusation that she was raped while in custody and thus should offer no protection to police against such charges.
Police Duty and Prostitution Detainees The use of forced virginity control exams is not limited to political detainees, but extends to those detained under police duty and prostitution laws as well. Turkish police not only abuse their power to enforce the criminal law, but also arbitrarily interpret Turkish regulations regarding public conduct and morality to allow for virginity control exams. Interpretations of this provision vary, thus creating arbitrary and inconsistent standards for judging women's public conduct.
Police can and do interpret the proscriptions of immoral public conduct as providing a means to ensure that women's behavior does not violate an individual policeman's standards of appropriate, modest conduct. The police duty law does not provide for virginity control exams as a means of enforcement. Nonetheless, police interpret the power to monitor public behavior as allowing them to threaten and use virginity exams against women. Women can be, and are, stopped at any time and taken to the prosecutor for violating an individual policeman's standards of morality.
Turkish women have been stopped by police for driving cars alone late at night, 77 and threatened with virginity control for sitting on a city park bench after dark Sluts in luuq male friends. Prostitution is legal in Turkey, but to work legally as a prostitute, an individual man or woman must be registered and carry an identity card indicating the dates of his or her health checks. Legal prostitutes are required to undergo frequent exams to check for sexually transmitted diseases. Police are authorized to check the cards of registered prostitutes to determine whether they have been examined regularly and to take them to the health authorities for an exam if they have not gone on their own.
Police also have the power to raid places of illegal prostitution and to detain women working illegally as prostitutes. In applying the prostitution laws as well as the police duty law, police often do not distinguish between different kinds of activity. Instead, women detained for public immodesty are subjected to the same treatment as are suspected prostitutes and are forcibly examined for evidence of virginity or recent sexual activity. In many instances, the line between immoral public behavior and suspected prostitution blurs so that the rationale for detention is not always clear. For example, women dining alone may be seen as immodest and be detained as suspected illegal prostitutes.
Girls of the night in kutahya director of state forensic medicine in Ankara told HRW that state doctors perform virginity exams at the request of the police when women are accused of prostitution or of "abnormal" behavior in parks. The enforcement of Turkish prostitution regulations by the police is highly arbitrary. According to the prostitution law, legally registered prostitutes agree to undergo regular medical examinations in order to diagnose and treat sexually transmitted diseases. When the police suspect that illegal prostitution is being practiced, they must first conduct an investigation.
If they gather evidence sufficient to establish prostitution, the police then must submit their report to the commission charged with monitoring prostitution, and the commission then takes action based on the report. Instead of adhering to these procedures, however, police and state health care providers arbitrarily detain women without conducting a preliminary investigation to support allegations of illegal prostitution and then force them to undergo gynecological exams. When a woman is detained as an illegal prostitute, she is often taken to a state hospital for a gynecological examination.
The latter evidence is taken as evidence of prostitution by both doctors and police, even though neither a ruptured hymen nor evidence of sexual activity in itself constitutes evidence of prostitution. In a widely reported incident on July 23,several Turkish women and a German tourist, Angelika Wittwer, were detained in a raid by the local Security Department on a hotel in the city of Urla in the southwestern province of Kutahya. The police accused the women of prostitution, took them to the state hospital and demanded that the doctors examine them to determine whether they were prostitutes.
The women were examined by state doctors, who reported their medical findings on one in the following terms: Old breaks in various parts of her hymen were found. She is not a virgin. In her vaginal exam, no live or dead sperm were found. The concrete evidence of prostitution -- the presence of sperm -- was not found. Shortly after this incident, the ministry of tourism reportedly expressed regret that a foreigner had been ill-treated. But, instead of investigating the police abuse of authority and punishing those responsible, the authorities merely transferred two of the police officers involved in taking the women for exams.
Women who claim that they are not prostitutes and refuse to undergo exams have been held at the state hospital until they undergo an exam, because, according to Dr. Ozdem Gerikalmaz, director of the Istanbul Hospital of Venereal Diseases, "Maybe they don't want it at first, but they come the next day and agree to the exam. If a woman said no, I would tell her to solve her problem with the police. The police know who is a prostitute. The police took the six women in the restaurant, including Seckin, her eating companions and three others, into custody. All six women were held overnight at the Umraniye Central precinct. The police repeatedly asked them questions about whether they were working for the owner of the restaurant and if they were "working illegally," i.
The women later stated that, when they asked to call their families, the police responded, "You sleep with someone different every night. Tonight why not sleep here? Do you want to call your pimp to come here in his big Mercedes? The examining doctors told the women that the exams were required because they were suspected of working illegally in the restaurant. The women were kept, allegedly for purposes of treatment, against their will in the hospital for one week. Hospital officials allowed Seckin to phone her family and lawyer from the hospital. The lawyer came to the hospital and spoke to the doctors, but Seckin did not see him.
Seckin's daughter contacted a member of parliament for help. After the parliamentarian's call to the director of the hospital, and after six nights and seven days in the hospital, the women were released. Although the women believe they were detained under the authority of the law against prostitution, they were held for ten days without charge, which is not authorized by that law. The Contemporary Lawyers' Association filed a complaint with the prosecutor's office alleging police abuse of authority on the women's behalf. Because, however, the complaint was against government employees, the prosecutor was obliged first to inform the relevant administrative unit and allow it to conduct an internal investigation.
Police also arbitrarily harass unmarried couples and unmarried women, accusing them of prostitution. Couples registering in hotels are not required by law to present their marriage certificates. In practice, however, hotel staff do require couples to present marriage certificates and refuse to provide accommodation to unmarried couples or, in some instances, notify the police that unmarried couples are using the hotel for prostitution. Hotel staff and police violate the privacy of female hotel guests by making unwarranted accusations of prostitution, entering hotel rooms, detaining women and demanding that they submit to virginity exams.
Further, such treatment discriminates against women by enforcing laws regulating prostitution against unmarried, female hotel guests. On May 6,an unmarried couple on vacation together in the town of Kusadasi, on the Aegean coast in western Turkey, checked into a hotel. We had been at the hotel for a few hours when, late at night, several police and two gendarmes banged on the door. They took us downstairs and forced us into a police car. They took us to the police station and said they were going to take me for virginity control. I refused, and eventually they let us go. Women who live alone have been denounced as prostitutes by neighbors and then harassed by the police.
According to attorneys interviewed by HRW, police come to women's houses and apartments upon receiving even a single complaint from a neighbor that too many male visitors have been seen visiting the apartment. In one such case fromthe police came to the apartment of a young female lawyer living on her own in Istanbul and, relying on a neighbor's complaint that prostitution was taking place in her apartment, demanded that she accompany them to have a virginity exam. This woman did not report the police harassment to any authorities because she did not want her family to know that she had been accused of prostitution, however unfounded the allegation.
This argument is contrary to international laws that set forth standards for determining when human rights and fundamental freedoms may be restricted by the need to protect public health. Limits on privacy, freedom of movement, or individual liberty -- all of which are implicated by the detention of women and their subjection to forced exams -- cannot be justified simply by the state's claim that such exams are required for public health. Governments may derogate from fundamental human rights in order to protect health only where three stringent conditions are met.
Center for Human Rights and the World Health Organization, there must be "a specific law which is accessible and which contains forseeable standards as opposed to administrative policy or individual discretion not based on legal rules. And the measures adopted must be the least intrusive available and strictly proportional to the urgent purpose they are designed to serve. The police practice of detaining women and submitting them to exams serves no legitimate, societal purpose that supersedes women's rights not to be arbitrarily detained and subjected to cruel and degrading treatment.
Moreover, the exams are often conducted with no discernible public health purpose. Vaginal exams performed on women accused of prostitution have been performed not for the exclusive purpose of determining the state of a woman's health but for the purpose of establishing prostitution. State doctors examine women detained for even minor instances of "public immodesty" to determine not whether they have sexually transmitted diseases but whether they are virgins or have engaged in recent sexual intercourse. The doctors' findings regarding virginity or sexual activity are used by police as evidence of prostitution.
Simply stated, there is no legitimate, legal justification for forcing women suspected of prostitution to undergo invasive medical procedures. Even if such exams were defensible on urgent public health grounds, the requirement that they be unintrusive and strictly proportional would mean that only women proven to be, and not just suspected of, working as prostitutes could be required to undergo testing for sexually transmitted diseases. Under no circumstances would concern for public health legitimate forcible exams undertaken for the purpose of determining whether a woman is a virgin or has had recent sexual intercourse.
She asserted that the practice of forcing women and girls living in orphanages and state-run dormitories to submit to such exams continues to be widespread. The doctors went directly to the ward from which the complaint had emanated, interrupted a group therapy session with female patients, separated the unmarried from the married women, and began subjecting the unmarried women to gynecological exams without their consent. The doctors ignored her protests and compelled her to be examined in front of the other people in the room. As a result of internal discord the project was abandoned and the tiles were dispersed among the refectory, library and various churches of the Armenian Convent, which surprisingly occupies one-sixth of the entire Old City.
Apart from the pictorial tiles, there were decorative tiles of numerous types, of which the largest group thousands of them line the walls of the St James complex and all its chapels, its churches of St Theodore, the Holy Saviour and the Holy Archangel, and the refectory. This wholesale refurbishment was linked to the appointment of Yovhannes Vardapet of Bitlis as the new Armenian Patriarch in Istanbul inwho in turn consecrated Grigor Vardapet as the Patriarch in Jerusalem. Grigor left for Istanbul in to raise money for the impoverished community in Jerusalem. He was so successful that, on his return inhe had enough funds to set about a massive programme of repair and restoration throughout the Convent, to construct the Monastery of the Nativity in Bethlehem and to buy property in Jaffa and Aleppo.
This made references to pieces he himself had collected, so it was not unexpected that during lunch my eyes should wander to the contents of the bookcase lining one wall of the dining room. There was the bowl, and dozens of other pieces including Iznik and Persian Kubachi dishes, Syrian tiles and Indian metalwork. After lunch we had a closer look, and I discovered that the inscribed bowl with 12 saints in the cavetto the inside was in a much more primitive style than those of the series. Perhaps the most amusing are the lemon squeezers, which use a unique interior trap in the faceted boss, an ingenious adaptation of a long tradition of earlier Islamic aquamaniles.
As for the painted decoration, the potters drew on many different sources — textiles, Chinese porcelain and celadon, Islamic pottery and even Japanese Kakiemon enamelled ware. Once dismissed as charming peasant pottery, compared with the splendour of Iznik, on closer inspection it is more sophisticated than would at first appear. What became of the Brocklebank collection after his death? He was a wealthy man — a millionaire — and left it all to Magdalen, his Oxford college. But what is most interesting are the personal papers that form part of the bequest and the light they shed on his background and tastes.
They begin with his life as a schoolboy at Eton and his photograph of June 3,of the rowing crew who have just taken part in the Bumps; they are all waving flowered boaters, and everyone is methodically identified.